The second phase of the Iowa Strategic Highway Safety Plan includes specific proposals defining each strategy with required legislative or policy change, estimated costs, existing resources, expected impact and entities involved. Revisions will be ongoing and strategies proposed may vary greatly in their timeliness, feasibility, and appropriateness to SMS priorities.

These proposals help build the "tool box" of potential solutions for Iowa's transportation safety concerns. Not all strategies or "tools" that are proposed will be implemented. Some may be controversial, negated by other events, or define long-range goals to bear in mind through future SMS planning.


Iowa is fortunate to have several funding resources for implementing its Strategic Highway Safety Plan including Iowa Management Systems, Iowa Traffic Safety Program, Seat Belt Incentive Funds, Governor's Traffic Safety Bureau Funds, Iowa Transportation Improvement, and Federal Hazard Elimination Program. Additional funding will be required if the strategies contained in Iowa Strategic Highway Safety Plan are to be fully implemented.


The strategies developed for the key emphasis areas are designed to address each area's major problems or to advance effective practices by means that are both cost effective and acceptable to a significant majority of Iowans. Some strategies will apply existing federal programs to supplement or apply such programs more effectively. Other strategies involve enhancement of programs developed within the state. Still other strategies will require pilot projects to demonstrate benefits of implementing new strategies.

The SMS coordinating committee will periodically review the proposals made and determine when to initiate or fund them. Consideration may include: which best address current critical needs; which have the best chance for success; which can leverage other funding sources; or which contribute the most safety benefit for the funding identified.

SMS members acknowledge that it can be difficult to compare strategies when the outcomes range from hard engineering changes to driver behaviors, training, education, and the quality of human life. SMS members expect that most decisions will result from a range of tangible factors and conditions rather than competing on a direct "value" comparison.

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by Michael D. Pawlovich